George Malanson

George Malanson
Coleman-Miller Professor
Education: 
PhD, UCLA
Office: 
316 Jessup Hall
Phone: 
319-335-0150
Curriculum Vitae: 
Research Interests: 
landscape ecology of mountain geography; spatial simulations of land cover change

My current research focus is on the response of alpine tundra and alpine treeline to climate change.  Current funded work is on multiscale analysis of the compostion of alpine tundra communities across the western US and modeling the effects of white pine blister rust on treeline dynamics and patterns. My broad research agenda has had a continuing focus on biodiversity, and diverse aspects are linked by a focus on the interaction of spatial pattern and process. I address how spatial patterns (e.g., fragmentation) and processes (e.g., dispersal) affect vegetation dynamics and ecological sustainability in response to human-induced changes such as climatic change and altered disturbance regimes.

My research integrates fieldwork, including quantitative vegetation sampling and some tree-ring work, computer simulations, and statistical analyses. I use simulations to investigate dispersal and plant community dynamics in fragmented landscapes. Much of my ongoing fieldwork is based in the northern Rocky Mountains, where I am interested in patterns and processes at alpine treeline. Simulation work has addressed the spatial configuration of nature reserves. 

My teaching philosophy arises from a background in liberal arts. My purpose is to have students learn how to think, how to organize information, how to evaluate ideas, and how to present their own ideas. At a graduate level I stress critical analysis through a wide reading of the literature, through a sharper critique of current theory, and finally through bringing new data to bear on what students have defined as an assailable frontier of knowledge.

Graduate students usually work closely with me as a research assistant at an early stage of their program, where they are introduced to the problems and quickly gain experience. This work often leads to co-authored publications. Students doing field work in the Rockies also learn about larger scale teamwork, joining students and faculty from four other universities on projects that involve remote sensing, GIS, microclimatology, and geomorphology in addition to biogeography.

Research Group photo gallery

Awards and honors

  • 2016 Lifetime Achievement Award, American Association of Geographers

  • 2008 Sagarmatha Distinguished Career Award, AAG Mountain Geography Specialty Group

  • 2007 Henry C. Cowles Award for outstanding publication, with J.A. Kupfer and S.B. Franklin, AAG Biogeography Specialty Group

  • 2006 Henry C. Cowles Award for outstanding publication, with K.J. Alftine, AAG Biogeography Specialty Group

  • 2004 James J. Parsons Distinguished Career Award, AAG Biogeography Specialty Group

  • 2003-present Coleman - Miller Professor, University of Iowa

  • 2003 elected Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science

Offices held, service (1998-)

  • Ecological Society of America, Vegetation Section, Vice-Chair, 2016-present

  • National Science Foundation, Division of Environmental Biology, program director, 2014-2016

  • National Science Foundation (NIH), Division of Environmental Biology, LTER panel, 2013

  • NIH Social Sciences and Population Studies, Study Section (proposal panel), 2005, 2006, 2007-2011

  • National Commission on Science for Sustainable Forestry, research proposals panel, 2004

  • National Science Foundation, Biocomplexity: Coupled Human & Natural Systems panel, 2002

  • National Academies/National Research Council Committee on Geography at USGS, 2000-02

  • National Science Foundation Geography & Regional Science Program panel, 1998-1999

Editorial service

  • North American Editor, Progress in Physical Geography, 2014-present
  • Associate Editor: Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 2014-present
  • Editor for Biogeography, Physical Geography, 2014-present

 

​Links

Courses: 
  • Biogeography
  • The Global Environment
  • Landscape Ecology
  • Wetlands: Function, Geography & Management
  • Fundamentals of Geography
  • Research & Writing in Geography
  • Simulations in Landscape Ecology
Graduate Advisees: 

Theses and Dissertations Supervised

MA Theses:

  • Rex, K.D. 1990. Fractal Analysis of Woodland Patches Along the Iowa and Cedar Rivers.
  • Kupfer, J.A. 1991. Structure, Composition, and Successional Dynamics of a Riparian Edge Community
  • Craig, M.R. 1992. Colonization on Point Bars by Woody Riparian Species.
  • Finley, S.D. 1993. Investigation of Factors Influencing Species Diversity of Remnant Forest Patches in Northeast Iowa.
  • Hougen, D. 1994. Effects of Accessibility and Isolation on the Structure and Composition of Lakeshore Forest Sites in Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota.
  • Williams, Thomas. 2014. Estimating organic carbon on avalanche paths, Glacier National Park, Montana.

PhD Dissertations:

  • Kupfer, J.A. 1995. The Effects of Edge Vegetation on Interior Gap-Successional Processes.
  • Liu, Z.J. 1995. Impact of Climate and Management Practices on Nitrate Contamination in Groundwater: Spatial and Temporal Analyses in the Big Spring Basin, Iowa.
  • Cairns, D.M. 1995. Carbon Balance Modeling at the Alpine Treeline Ecotone in Glacier National Park, Montana.
  • Chen, G. 2001. Relating Landscape Patterns to Hydrological Processes in a Watershed Hierarchy
  • Alftine, K.J. 2002. The Relationship Between Tree Establishment Patterns and Positive Feedback at Alpine Treeline.
  • Bekker, M. F. 2002. Effects of Biotic Feedback on the Pattern and Rate of Subalpine Forest Advancement.
  • Wang, Q. 2007. Effects of the Represenation of Landscape Pattern on Species Dynamics in Colonization-Competition Models.
  • Yadav, V. 2008. Soil Carbon Dynamics in the Big Creek Basin in Southern Illinois, USA
  • Goshit, S. 2009. Synoptic Influence on Winter Temperature and Precipitation in Western Montana.
  • Zeng, Y. 2010. Modeling complex dynamics at alpine treeline ecotones.
  • Grafius, D.R. 2011. Distribution and biomass dynamics of the alpine treeline ecotone across the western United States.
Grants & Funding: 

1997-present

  • 2012-2014 NSF Geography & Spatial Sciences, Multiscale Context for Change in Alpine Tundra, lead PI with D. Fagre and D. Zimmerman, $219,719
  • 2009-2012 NSF Geography & Spatial Sciences, Implications of an Invasive Forest Pathogen for Alpine Treeline Dynamics co-PI with L. Resler and D. Tomback, $439,006
    2004-2009 USGS, Response of Western Mountain Ecosystems to Climatic Variability and Change: The Western Mountain Initiative, with D.R. Butler and S.J. Walsh; $345,000.
  • 2006-2008 Modeling Dynamism of Human Settlement Frontiers: Synthesizing Discordant Pattern-Process Relations and LCLUC Trajectories in Coupled Natural-Human Systems, NASA, co-I, with S.J. Walsh, $42,000 of $178,756
  • 2004-2007 NSF Biocomplexity, Coupled Human and Natural Systems: Feedbacks Among Patterns and Processes of Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics in the Northern Ecuadorian Amazon, with S.J. Walsh; $120,000 of $320,000
  • 2004-07 NSF Biocomplexity, Coupled Human and Natural Systems: Virtual Watershed: Agricultural Landscape Evolution in an Adaptive Management Framework, subcontract with Jerry Schnoor on grant to Chris Lant; $130,000 of $450,000

 

Selected Publications: 

 

Mena CF, Walsh SJ, Frizzelle BG, Yao X, Malanson GP. 2011. Land use change on household farms in the Ecuadorian Amazon: design and implementation of an agent-based model. Applied Geography 31: 210-222.

Malanson, GP. 2011. Ecosystem. In J. Agnew and D. Livinsgtone, eds. Handbook of Geographical Knowledge. Sage, London, 452-464.

Maanson GP, Resler LM, Bader MY, Holtmeier F-K, Weiss DJ, Butler DR, Fagre DB, Daniels LD. 2011. Mountain treelines: a roadmap for research orientation. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 43: 167-177.

Malanson GP, Rose JP, Schroeder PJ, Fagre DB. 2011. Contexts for change in alpine tundra. Physical Geography 32: 97-113.

Malanson GP. 2011. Simulation. In A. Millington, M. Blumler, G. MacDonald, U. Schickhoff, eds. Handbook of Biogeography. Sage, London, 454-468.

Walsh SJ, Malanson GP, Messina JP, Brown DG, Mena CF. 2011. Biocomplexity. In A. Millington, M. Blumler, G. MacDonald, U. Schickhoff, eds. Handbook of Biogeography. Sage, London, 469-487.

Malanson, GP, Bengtson, LE, Fagre, DB. 2012. Geomorphic determinants of species composition of alpine tundra, Glacier National Park, USA. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, in press.

Peterson, D.L., C.D. Allen, J.S. Baron, D.B. Fagre, D. McKenzie, N.L. Stephenson, A.G. Fountain, J.A. Hicke, G.P. Malanson, C.L. Tague, and P.J. van Mantgem. Response of Western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a collaborative research approach. In J. Belant and E. Beever (eds.), Ecological Consequences of Climate Change: Mechanisms, Conservation, and Management. Taylor and Francis, New York, in press.

Grafius, D.R., Malanson, G.P. and Weiss, D.J. 2012. Secondary controls of alpine treeline elevations in the western USA. Physical Geography, in press.

Malanson GP, Rose JP, Schroeder PJ, Fagre DB. 2011. Contexts for change in alpine tundra. Physical Geography 32: 97-113.

Malanson GP. 2011. Simulation. In A. Millington, M. Blumler, G. MacDonald, U. Schickhoff, eds. Handbook of Biogeography. Sage, London, 454-468.

Walsh SJ, Malanson GP, Messina JP, Brown DG, Mena CF. 2011. Biocomplexity. In A. Millington, M. Blumler, G. MacDonald, U. Schickhoff, eds. Handbook of Biogeography. Sage, London, 469-487.

Peterson, D.L., C.D. Allen, J.S. Baron, D.B. Fagre, D. McKenzie, N.L. Stephenson, A.G. Fountain, J.A. Hicke, G.P. Malanson, C.L. Tague, and P.J. van Mantgem. 2011. Response of Western mountain ecosystems to climatic variability and change: a collaborative research approach. In J. Belant and E. Beever (eds.), Ecological Consequences of Climate Change: Mechanisms, Conservation, and Management. Taylor and Francis, New York, 163-190.

Grafius, D.R., Malanson, G.P. and Weiss, D.J. 2012. Secondary controls of alpine treeline elevations in the western USA. Physical Geography 33: 146-164.

Malanson, GP, Bengtson, LE, Fagre, DB. 2012. Geomorphic determinants of species composition of alpine tundra, Glacier National Park, USA. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research 44: 197-209.

Rose JP, Malanson GP. 2012. Microtopographic heterogeneity constrains alpine plant diversity, Glacier National Park, MT. Plant Ecology 213: 955-965.

Yadav, V & Malanson, GP. 2013. A spatially explicit scheme for tracking and validating annual landscape scale changes in soil carbon. Applied Geography 37: 101-113.

Malanson GP, Walsh SJ. 2013. A geographical approach to optimization of response to invasive species. In Walsh SJ & Mena C, eds. Science and Conservation in the Galapagos Islands: Frameworks and Perspectives. Springer, New York, 199-215.

Walsh SJ, Malanson GP, Entwisle B, Rindfuss RR, Mucha PJ, Heumann BW, McDaniel PM, Frizzelle BG, Vergery A, Williams N, Yao X, Ding D. 2013. Design of an agent-based model to examine population-environment interactions in Nang Rong District, Thailand. Applied Geography 39: 183-198.

Malanson GP, Fagre DB. 2013. Spatial contexts for temporal variability in alpine vegetation under ongoing climate change.  Plant Ecology 214: 1309-1319.

Smith-McKenna EK, Resler LM, Tomback DF, Zhang H & Malanson GP. 2013. Topographic influences on the distribution of white pine blister rust in Pinus albicaulis treeline communities. Ecoscience 20: 215-229.

Malanson GP. 2014. Biosphere-human feedbacks: A physical geography perspective. Physical Geography 35: 50-75.

Ying L-X, Shen Z-H, Piao S-L, Malanson GP. 2014. Terrestrial surface area increment: the effects of topography, DEM resolution, and algorithm. Physical Geography. In press

Malanson GP, Scuderi L, Moser K, Willmott C, Resler L, Warner T, Mearns LO. 2014. The composite nature of physical geography. Progress in Physical Geography. In press

Resler LM, Shao Y, Tomback DF, Malanson GP, Smith-McKenna EK. 2014. Predicting the functional role of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) at alpine treelines: Model accuracy and variable importance. Annals of the Association of American Geographers. In press

Malanson GP, Scuderi L, Moser K, Willmott C, Resler L, Warner T, Mearns LO. 2014. The composite nature of physical geography. Progress in Physical Geography 38: 3-18

Malanson GP. 2014. Physical geography on the methodological fence: David Stoddart (1965) Geography and the ecological approach. The ecosystem as a geographic principle and method.  Progress in Physical Geography 38: 251-258.

Ying L-X, Shen Z-H, Piao S-L, Malanson GP. 2014. Terrestrial surface area increment: the effects of topography, DEM resolution, and algorithm. Physical Geography 35: 297-312.

Resler LM, Shao Y, Tomback DF, Malanson GP, Smith-McKenna EK. 2014. Predicting the functional role of whitebark pine (Pinus albicaulis) at alpine treelines: Model accuracy and variable importance. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 104: 703-722.

Wu R, Long Y, Malanson GP, Garber PA, Zhang S, Li D, Zhao P, Wang L, Duo H. 2014. Optimized spatial priorities for biodiversity conservation in China: a systematic conservation planning perspective. PLoS One, DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0103783

Malanson GP, Verdery AM, Walsh SJ, Sawangdee Y, Heumann BW, McDaniel PM, Brian G. Frizzelle BG, Williams NE, Yao X, Entwisle B, Rindfuss RR. 2014. Changing crops in response to climate:  virtual Nang Rong, Thailand in an agent based simulation. Applied Geography 53: 202-212.

Smith-McKenna E, Malanson GP, Resler LM, Carstensen LW, Prisley SP, and Tomback DF. 2014. Cascading effects of feedbacks, disease, and climate change on alpine treeline dynamics. Environmental Modelling & Software 62: 85-96.

Malanson GP, Resler LM. 2015. Neighborhood functions alter unbalanced facilitation on a stress gradient. Journal of Theoretical Biology 365: 76-83.

Malanson GP, Walsh SJ. 2015. Agent-based models: Individuals interacting in space. Applied Geography 56: 95-98.

Malanson GP, Cheney AB, Kinney M. 2015. Climatic and geographic relations of alpine tundra floras in western North America. Alpine Botany 125: 21-29.

Weiss D, Malanson GP, Walsh SJ. 2015. Multi-scale relationships between alpine treeline elevation and hypothesized environmental controls in the western United States. Annals of the Association of American Geographers 105: 437-453.

Grafius D, Malanson GP. 2015. Biomass distributions in dwarf tree, krummholz, and tundra vegetation in the alpine treeline ecotone. Physical Geography 36: 337-352.

Malanson GP. 2015. Diversity differs among three variations of the stress gradients hypothesis in two representations of niche space. Journal of Theoretical Biology 384: 121-130.

Malanson GP, Zimmerman DL, Fagre DB. 2015. Floristic similarity, diversity, and endemism as indicators of refugia characteristics and needs in the West. Biodiversity 16: 237-246.

Malanson GP, Alftine KJ: 2016. Ecological impacts of climate change. In R. Sivanpillai, ed. Biological and Environmental Hazards, Risks, and Disasters. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 397-426.

Malanson GP and Heumann BW. 2016. Models and data in biogeography and landscape ecology. In N. Clifford, M. Cope, T. Gillespie, S. French. (eds) Key Methods in Geography, 5th ed. SAGE, London. 470-494.

Malanson GP and Resler LM. 2016. A size gradient hypothesis for alpine treeline ecotones.  Journal of Mountain Science 13:1154-1161.

Entwisle, B., Williams, N.E., Verdery, A.M., Rindfuss, R.R., Walsh, S.J., Malanson, G.P., Mucha, P.J., Frizzelle, B.G., McDaniel, P.M., Yao, X., Heumann, B.W., Prasartkul, P., Sawangdee, Y., and Jampaklay, A. 2016. Climate shocks and migration: an agent based modeling approach. Population and Environment 38: 47-71.

Young SG, Carrel M, Malanson GP, Ali MA, Kayali G. 2016. Predicting Locations at Risk of Avian Influenza Co-infection with H5N1 and H9N2, Egypt. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13: #886 doi:10.3390/ijerph13090886

Malanson GP, Zimmerman DL, Kinney M, Fagre DB: Inconsistent relations in alpine plant communities on environmental gradients: Multilevel versus multiscale analyses. Annals of the Association of American Geographers in press