Celesta Albonetti's research interests are in sociology of law and criminology. Most of her research estimates the effects of defendant characteristics, case information, and process-related variables on judicial and prosecutorial discretion in felony adjudication. Her current research focuses on the effects of offender's ethnicity, gender, and educational attainment on sentence severity imposed under federal sentencing guidelines for white-collar and drug trafficking cases. Her recent work includes an analysis of sentencing of organization defendants. In addition to this research, she examines the relationship between offender's cultural capital and recidivism. She teaches courses in sociology of law, criminology, discretionary decision-making in the courts, and juvenile delinquency.