Syllecta Classica

Guidelines for Contributors

§ 1. Submission

Our preferred method of submission is via e-mail attachment to the following address:

Submissions must be in English and should be no longer than 10,000 words (counting notes), though in special cases more extensive MSS can be accommodated by arrangement with the editor. Notes should be presented as footnotes, also double-spaced, and of the same font and size as those used for the text.

Since all submissions are refereed double-blind, be careful to leave your name off of your MS and avoid any statement that would, either directly or by clear implication, identify you as the author. Full details of identification should be restricted to your cover letter or to the message accompanying your e-mail attachment.

Please adhere as closely as possible to the following guidelines as you format your text:

§ 2. Text

  1. Fonts: Syllecta Classica uses Adobe Garamond as its Roman font and Minion Pro, a unicode font, as its Greek. Any common Roman font is acceptable for submission, but the Greek text must be in a unicode font.
    (Several unicode Greek fonts are available for free. New Athena unicode, for example, may be downloaded here.)
  2. Spacing: there should be only one space between words and sentences in every circumstance.
  3. Spelling: either American or British styles of spelling are acceptable, but be consistent.
  4. Punctuation:
    1. Series: if there are three or more items in a series, include a comma before the last of them.
      Example: Lydian was no longer considered useful to commercial, political, or religious life.
    2. Quotation marks: quotation marks are to be placed outside all other punctuation marks except colons and semicolons, with question marks and exclamation points outside the quotes as well if they are not part of the quote.
      George (74) observes that the captive barbarian became “a leitmotif of imperial ideology.”
      Beyond that, George (74) observes that the captive barbarian became “a leitmotif of imperial ideology”!
  5. Abbreviations: Common abbreviations such as n., fig., and the like should be used in footnotes and parenthetical references within the text, but otherwise written out in full.
    Kearns attributes the change, in note 20 on that page, to “growing bilingualism.”
    Kearns attributes the change to “growing bilingualism” (9 n. 20).
    1Kearns 9 n. 20.
    Abbreviations of classical authors and works are explained in § 4d.
  6. Numbers: in ordinary text (not dates or citations of page or line numbers), whole numbers from one through one hundred are to be spelled out, as are whole numbers followed by “hundred,” “thousand,” “million,” etc., and ordinal numbers of those same values. Situations in which numbers are clustered closely together and would be clumsy to spell out are an exception to this rule. Other numbers should be recorded as numerals.
  7. Possession with singular nouns ending in “s”: indicate possession using only an apostrophe following the “s,” not “ ’s.”
    Example: Xerxes’, rather than Xerxes’s.
  8. Italics: Use italics in place of underlined text for most common circumstances.
  9. Use of foreign words and expressions: foreign words in the midst of the English text (not quoted) should be set in italics, with only those that are unquestionably integrated into English idiom set in Roman type.

§ 3. Layout

  1. Abstract: the 100-word abstract should be in an indented block, followed by three keywords in an indented line, with one line skipped after the author’s name, which in turn should be centered below the title (but please leave names off submissions still to be reviewed). The abstract and three keywords should conform to SCS recommendations for abstracts, referring to the types of evidence adduced in drawing these conclusions and giving specific information about the most important items.
    1. Literary: cite the author or genre, and if an author, cite the works discussed and the most significant passages (The recommended abbreviations of Greek works are as in LSJ or DGE [], and of Latin works as in TLL.)
    2. Epigraphical: cite the most significant inscriptions
    3. Papyrological: cite the papyri (for the standard abbreviations, use the Checklist at
    4. Artistic: cite the significant pieces, remembering to include museum inventory numbers
    5. Manuscript evidence: cite the library and shelfmark
    6. Archaeological: include the name of the sponsoring institution and the nature of the evidence (such as field report)
  2. Acknowledgments: these should be placed immediately before the first footnote and referenced by an asterisk at the end of the abstract. But please do not include acknowledgments until your paper has been accepted for publication.
  3. Paragraphs: paragraphs should be indented with a tab and should begin on the line following the previous paragraph.
  4. Footnotes:
    1. Use for extended discussions or comments that are relevant to the paper or the area of scholarship addressed in the paper.
    2. Footnotes may be used for citation of multiple sources at a given point in the text, including catalogs of scholarship on a relevant topic.
    3. Citation of a single source should, in most cases, be included within the text (see § 4 for details).
  5. Quotations (in text and footnotes):
    1. Prose quotations that take up three full lines of text or less should be formatted no differently than the rest of the sentence of which they are a part, other than being surrounded by quotations marks if they are written in a modern language.
    2. Quotations of less than four lines of poetry or epigraphy should also be incorporated into their sentences. Each line of the quoted text should be followed by a space, a slash (/) if poetry or an upright line (|) if inscription, and another space before the next line.
    3. Prose quotations that take up more than three full lines of text and quotations of four or more lines of poetry or epigraphy should be set off in indented blocks, with poetry and epigraphy indented further than prose.
    4. Quotations from ancient sources must include the text in the original language—(not transliterated)—with an English translation following either in parentheses, in a block (without quotation marks), or, for brief translations, set off by commas.
    5. Greek and Latin text should not be enclosed in quotation marks, but Latin should be italicized to distinguish it from English text if it is incorporated into the main text of the paper. If the Latin is in a block, though, or if it is the only text in a footnote, it should not be italicized.
  6. Headings: at the very least, make clear the hierarchy of headings used within your paper. Syllecta Classica uses the following hierarchy:
    1. A-level heading: capped, centered italics with one space above and below.
    2. B-level heading: small-capped, centered italics with one space above and below (or, if immediately following an A-level heading, with no space above).
    3. C-level heading: non-capped, centered italics with one space above and none below.
    4. D-level heading: non-capped, left-justified, underlined Roman text with one space above and none below.

§ 4. Citation

  1. Single-source references: simple page or line references to single sources should be incorporated into the text parenthetically, according to the guidelines below, rather than included in a footnote.
  2. Multiple-source references: if citation of more than one source in support of a single point would be distracting in the text, it should occur in a footnote, indicated by a superscript reference, preferably at the end of a sentence.
  3. Format of numbers in citation: when citing inclusive page or line numbers, include at least the last two digits of the second number (if it has two), but only those two if no greater digits have changed. Avoid the use of “f.” or “ff.”
    Example: 1–5, 22–25, 100–05, 115–25; BUT 199–201.
  4. Citation of classical works:
    1. Parenthetical or footnote citations of classical works should abbreviate the author and work in accordance with the conventions set out in the Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd ed., xxix–liv, followed by the appropriate book, chapter, paragraph, and/or line numbers, separated by periods and no spaces. If the OCD does not provide an abbreviation for the author or work to be cited, use Liddell and Scott’s Greek-English Lexicon, 9th ed., xvi–xxxviii (for Greek works), or The Oxford Latin Dictionary ix–xx (for Latin works).
      Example: (Enn. Ann. 175-79).
    2. However, when used in a complete sentence outside of parentheses, whether in the main text or a footnote, conventionally accepted names of classical authors and texts should be spelled out as they would be spoken. For example, use “Sophocles,” not “Soph.,” and Ajax, not Aj.; but initialized references such as OT for Oedipus Tyrannus are acceptable because they are easily spoken.
    3. For classical works cited more than once, cite the editor of the text you are using in a footnote after the first textual reference, and give full publication information in the works cited.
  5. Citation of non-classical works:
    1. Since full bibliographical information is available in the list of works cited, limit cited information to the author’s surname and appropriate page number(s).
    2. In the main text, try to limit parenthetical citation information to page number(s).
      Example: Casson calls the Romans “a lubberly lot in general” (150).
    3. If it would be unwieldy to include the author in the text of the sentence, put that citation information in a footnote.
      Example: The Romans have even been called “a lubberly lot in general.”1
      1Casson 150.
    4. If it would be unwieldy in a footnote to include the author in the text of the sentence, include the author and page number in the same parentheses following the sentence, separated by a single space.
      Example: “And the Romans never let memory rest idle” (Long 180).
    5. If the list of works cited includes more than one work by a particular author, then refer to the work in the main text or footnotes by citing the author’s surname followed by the following in parentheses (if it is being used in the body of the text): year of publication, a comma, and page numbers. If the material is in a footnote, the page number might be either in or out of parentheses, depending on whether it is being used in a substantial complete sentence or merely a brief note: see immediately below.
      Tennant cites Highet (1954, 82).
      1See Claassen (1990) 2–5.
    6. If the situation in a footnote requires the author and year in the same parentheses, separate them with only a space; if a page citation is to be included as well, separate the year of publication and page number with a comma.
      Example: (Geffcken 1973, 39).
    7. If the list of works cited includes more than one work published in the same year by a particular author, add a letter to the date.
      Example: Cf. Kröner (1970a, 150; 1970b, 450).
    8. If more than one author of the same surname is cited in the paper, include their initials (with a space between the initials, if there is more than one) in citation to distinguish between them.
      Example: See A. R. Birley (253) and E. Birley (85).
    9. In footnotes, a catalog of citations may remain entirely out of parentheses, typically separated by commas if from the same author, semicolons if from different authors.
      Example: See Kirk 129–31, 303–318; Hainsworth 61–63; Griffin 77.
  6. Citations of entries in reference works should include the name of the source, then a comma, “s.v.” and the name of the entry in quotes.
    Example: OCD3, s.v. “Cosa.”
    Standard reference works may be abbreviated according to the conventions set forth in the Oxford Classical Dictionary, 3rd ed., xxix–liv, following the same guidelines for citations in and out of parentheses as discussed in § 4d.

§ 5. Cumulative bibliography

The list of works cited should include bibliographical information for every work cited in the text and notes of the paper. Works should be alphabetized according to the author’s last name, with multiple works by the author arranged in chronological order, and cited according to the specifications of The Chicago Manual of Style, 16th edition (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010), with preferences as follows:

  1. Books:
    1. Modern: Author (surname first, then initials with one space between each). Title. Total number of volumes, if a multi-volume work is being cited as a whole. Volume number of multi-volume work or series, if relevant. Edition, if not the first. Editor(s), compiler(s), and/or translator(s), if relevant. Multi-volume or series editor, if relevant. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date. Every line after the first should be indented (though html code does not allow us to do so here).
      Lord, A. B. The Singer of Tales. 2nd ed. Edited by S. Mitchell and G. Nagy.
      Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2000.
    2. Ancient: the editor’s name should be used in the place of the author’s name.
      West, M. L. Homerus Ilias. Vol. 1. Stuttgart: Teubner, 1998.
  2. Articles:
    1. In a journal: Author (surname first, then initials with one space between each). “Title.” Journal abbreviation (set forth in L’Année Philologique) Volume number (Year): Page numbers. Every line after the first should be indented (though html code does not allow us to do so here).
      Anderson, C. A., and T. K. Dix. “Small States in the Athenian Empire: The Case of the Eteokarpathioi.” SyllClass 15 (2004): 1–31.
    2. In a collection: Author (surname first, then initials with one space between each). “Title.” In Title of book, Editor’s name(s), Page numbers. Place of publication: Publisher, Year of publication.
      Oberhelman, S., and D. Armstrong. “Satire as Poetry and the Impossibility of Metathesis in Horace’s Satires.” In Philodemus and Poetry, edited by D. Obbink, 233–54. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.
    3. In a standard reference work (such as the Oxford Classical Dictionary or Pauly-Wissowa): Author. “Title.” Abbreviation: Page or column number(s).
      Example: Catling, R. W. V. “Delos.” OCD3: 442–44.

Note: If accepted for publication, your article will appear in the Project Muse database. Submission of final copy grants Syllecta Classica and Project Muse the nonexclusive right to use your article in the Project Muse database. Authors will receive a digital offprint of their article, as well as a physical copy of the journal issue in which it appears.